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Wedding Encyclopedia

 

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Wedding Encyclopedia
 
Maid of Honor The chief unmarried female attendant to the bride. She is responsible for a number of duties including holding the ring designated for the groom, holding the bride's bouquet during vows, and attending to the dress.
   
Man of Honor The male equivalent of the maid of honor if the bride prefers to have a male friend stand as chief attendant.
   
Mantilla A circular piece of lace, silk, or lace-trimmed tulle worn over the head and shoulders secured by a high comb. The Spanish translation is "little cloak."
   
Marzipan A substance made of sugar, egg whites, and almond paste used as a base for icing or to mold decorative forms.
   
Matchbooks A popular keepsake favor, matchbooks are often personalized in color and design.
   
Matron of Honor The married equivalent of the maid of honor.
   
Mermaid A dress or skirt that is fitted at the top and flairs below the knee. Commonly referred to as fishtail or trumpet style.
   
Mezzo Punto A mixed lace composed partly of bobbin or woven work and party of buttonhole stitches. (see Battenberg Lace)
   
Microfiber A lightweight synthetic fiber woven into fabrics, microfiber is available acrylic, nylon, polyester and rayon. The soft, luxurious fabric is wrinkle resistant and machine washable.
   
Mizinke (meh-ZINK-a) A joyous dance towards the end of the simcha (reception), which honors parents who have brought their last daughter or son to the wedding canopy.
   
MOB Acronym for mother of the bride.
   
Modified A-Line A style of skirt that skims the hips and gradually widens down the skirt to the hem; its shape is not as pronounced as a traditional a-line skirt.
   
MOG Acronym for mother of the groom.
   
MOH Acronym for maid/man/matron of honor.
   
Moire A heavy silk taffeta with a subtle, wavy design that has the look of wood grain.
   
Monograms A graphic symbol consisting of two or more letters combined. On wedding invitations it is common for a monogram to consist of the first initials of both bride and groom and the last initial of the groom.
 

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Wedding Encyclopedia
 
Natural Waist The definition used by most manufacturers describe the measurement taken at the natural waistline, typically across the naval. Another way to find the natural waistline is by bending to one side, the crease marks the location of the natural waistline.
   
Normal Rise Style of trousers in which the rise (the distance between inseam and outseam) is standard.
   
Nosegay Small, round bouquets, approximately 16-18 inches in diameter. The are often wired or tied together and composed of densely packed round flowers, greenery, and herbs. (see Posies)
   
Notch Lapel Type of lapel on which the top line slants down in line with the collar seam. This creates a look on both sides of the jacket as if a notch was "cut out."
 

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Wedding Encyclopedia
 
Oasis A specialty hard foam used by florists in bouquet holders or vases. flower stems to fit into holes in the foam, which also retain water. Therefore, water is preserved for a long time allowing for fresher looking flowers throughout the wedding.
   
Obi Sash A wide sash originated in Japan that is fastened in the back by a large flat half-bow.
   
Officiant One who officiates, typically a cleric or secular official that carries out the ceremony.
   
Off-The-Shoulder An open neckline with fabric resting on the shoulders to showcase the collarbone and shoulders.
   
Organdy Fabric A sheer stiff fabric of cotton or silk, used for light apparel.
   
Organza Fabric A delicate, sheer fabric, often layered or worn over another fabric. Similar to a chiffon/tulle combination and popular for skirts, sleeves, backs, and overlays.
   
Ornamental Designs Small printed designs typically at the top center portion of the invitation or announcement. Commonly referred to as a motif.
 

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Wedding Encyclopedia
 
Pages or Page Boys Small children (usually boys) who follow the bride down the aisle carrying some of her train. Sometimes referred to as train bearers. (see Train)
   
Paisley Pattern A fabric woven or printed with colorful curved (amoeba-like) abstract figures. Some paisley prints can take on a floral texture.
   
Parchment A finer, thinner vellum paper that often has a worn look with a rough edge.
   
Peak Lapel Type of lapel on which the top line slants up from the horizontal. Often forms a V shape on both sides of the jacket.
   
Peau de Soie Fabric A soft, satin-faced, high quality cloth with a dull luster, fine ribs, and a grainy appearance.
   
Peek-a-Boo Sleeve Sheer, puffed sleeve with different fabric showing through underneath.
   
Peplum A short flounce or overskirt attached at the waistline.
   
Pick-Up Skirt A design element where fabric is picked up at various points and attached to the skirt to create volume.
   
Pile The pile of a fabric refers to the threads that stand up from the weave (Ex. corduroy, velvet, faux fur).
   
Pillars The supports used to prop up varying tiers of a multi-tiered wedding cake. They may be made from cardboard, plastic or wood. Also known as columns.
   
Pima A fine grade cotton produced from high-quality yarn. Pima is a type of dyable cotton that is very soft and strong. A crossbreed of Upland and Egyptian cotton, it was developed in Pima County, Arizona.
   
Pique A knit fabric with a waffle-weave appearance. The outside resembles a honeycomb or waffle and the underside is smooth.
   
Place Card A small tent card that is used to show guests their seating at the reception dinner.
   
Plaid Pattern Fabric with an overlapping crisscross pattern made using different colored threads in the warp and weft. Originating in Scotland, plaid is known as a tartan and is traditionally worn to represent a clan or family.
   
Pleated Veil A veil designed by folding the netting to create "pleats" creating a dimensional look.
   
Ply One of the strands in a yarn, two-ply would indicate that two strands have been twisted together to make one yarn.
   
Pocket Square A silk or satin fabric square folded in a variety of manners and placed in the outer breast pocket of a tuxedo. Commonly referred to as a handkerchief. (see Handkerchief)
   
Poet Sleeve Pleated at the shoulder; very full from shoulder to cuff.
   
Point d' esprit A bobbinet or tulle with oval or square dots woven in an irregular pattern. Also known as spirit stitch.
   
Polyester An inexpensive synthetic fiber that is woven into a strong and durable fabric.
   
Pomander A round ball completely covered by flower blooms. They are carried on a ribbon by flower girls in the bridal procession.
   
Portrait Neckline A shawl-like neckline that frames the collarbone with a wide, soft draping of fabric from the tip of one shoulder to the other.
   
Posies Small and roundly shaped flower bouquets that are tightly packed and include greenery. They are held together by a twine or sometimes a wire. A posy can also be known as a nosegay, but generally a proper posy is slightly smaller and often includes extras like ribbons or silk flowers.
   
Pouf A piece of netting gathered up and attached to a headpiece or comb providing extra height to the veil.
   
Presentation An elegant bouquet of long stemmed flowers that the bride cradles in her arms. Also known as the pageant bouquet.
   
Princess Waist A slimming dress silhouette featuring vertical seams from top to hem.
   
Programs A keepsake and a way for guests to follow along with ceremony proceedings. Programs include the order of the service, wedding participants, and any other meaningful notations.
   
Pump A low-cut, slip-on shoe for formal evening wear that does not have laces or straps. Pumps usually have an ornamental grosgrain ribbon bow in front and are often made of patent leather or dull calf.
 

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Wedding Encyclopedia
 
Qazi The title of the cleric who conducts a Muslim wedding ceremony.
   
Queen Anne Neckline A neckline featuring high sides and back, but an open bodice with a sweetheart shape.
   
Queen Elizabeth Neckline A neckline featuring a high collar in back and a closed V at the bust.
 

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Wedding Encyclopedia
 
Raised Tiers A type of cake in which layers are separated by columns to make the cake appear taller.
   
Rayon Fabric A fabric created from a semi-synthetic fiber that is similar to silk, but has a more elastic high lustre quality giving it a bright sheen.
   
Reception Cards The reception card is used to tell guests where the reception is going to be. This card is helpful if the reception is going to be at a different location, time or on a different day than the ceremony.
   
Renaissance Lace A type of lace in which woven tape motifs are joined by a variety of flat stitches. (see Battenberg Lace)
   
Respond Card Allows for an accurate guest count and gives guests an opportunity to choose meal options. The card is filled out by the guest and returned to the bride and groom. According to etiquette, it is proper to include a postage stamp on the envelope when including respond cards with the invitation.
   
Ribbon A narrow strip or band of fine fabric, such as satin or velvet. Ribbons are available in various widths, lengths, and fabrics. They are popular additions to bridal and special occasion fashions, as well as commonly used on invitations.
   
Ring Bearer Usually a small boy (sometimes a little girl) who walks down the aisle as part of the bridal procession carrying an ornamental cushion that has two decorative rings tied to it.
   
Rolled Fondant The finished product of basic fondant that has been rolled out into a flat round surface. Rolled fondant is used to cover cakes perfectly smooth without wrinkles or bubbles. (see Fondant)
   
Royal Icing A mixture of confectioners sugar and egg whites that is commonly used in cake decoration because of its quick dry properties. It can be piped through a bag to create flowers and other decorations that are allowed to dry and placed individually on a cake.
   
Ruching A sewing technique in which tight decorative gathers create flattering pleats in the fabric. This is a common bodice element on bridal and bridesmaid gowns.
   
Ruffles A sewing technique in which a strip of fabric, lace or ribbon is tightly gathered or pleated on one edge and applied to the garment creating a flowing, feminine detail.
   
Rukhsat A tradition in Muslim weddings where the father of the bride says farewell to his daughter on the promise the groom will look after her.
   
Russian Tulle A type of fabric similar to netting but with wide holes. It is commonly used to make birdcage veils.
 

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